Land Contract Attorneys Serving Redford & Southeastern Michigan
Our real estate attorneys have drafted countless land contracts over the past 30 years. Due to this extensive knowledge, the land contracts we draft for our clients are top notch, and are made promptly.
It is important to have an attorney who has this kind of real estate experience, because each land contract case is different and needs to be customized to meet your needs.
A land contract is very useful because it helps you buy or sell your real estate property quickly.
Experienced Michigan Attorneys That Help You Save Time & Money When It Comes to Land Contracts.
Benefits of a Land Contract in Southeastern Michigan
Many people are turning to Land Contracts when buying or selling a home, or other property these days. This is generally because a buyer cannot qualify for a mortgage elsewhere.
A Land Contract is a contract between a seller and buyer of real property in which the buyer pays the seller for the home or property in installments, rather than obtaining a mortgage from a bank or mortgage company.
The seller retains legal title to the property, while the buyer is allowed to take possession of it while he makes his payments of principal and interest to the seller. Once the full purchase price and interest has been paid, the seller deeds legal title to the property to the buyer.
It is very difficult to find qualified buyers in today’s real estate market, especially near Detroit; land contracts are a great opportunity to maneuver around these issues and still get paid for what your real estate property is worth.
Our attorneys have been drafting land contracts, and representing real estate buyers & sellers for over 30 years. If you are thinking of buying or selling property using a Land Contract in Detroit, Redford or the surrounding areas, we will be happy to assist you make sure your land contract is prepared correctly, and ensure that you get everything to which you are entitled.
Call our expert land contract attorneys to get help with your land contract needs today! 313-532-2100.
Michigan Land Contract Frequently Asked Questions
What is a Land Contract?
According to Legal Services of Northern Michigan, A land contract is an agreement for the sale of an interest in real estate in which the purchase price is to be paid in installments and no promissory note or mortgage is involved between the seller and the buyer. Generally under such agreements, the seller is called the vendor and the buyer is called the vendee.
What is Buyer's Default?
According to Legal Services of Northern Michigan, When a buyer default occurs (failure to make payment or other breach of the contract) a seller should look to the remedies provided in the land contract. It should be read carefully to determine the parties rights and obligations. Generally, a land contract will give the seller at least three remedies to pursue if a buyer has failed to meet the requirements of a land contract:
- Specific performance of the land contract (If the seller does not want to regain possession of the property, then the seller may sue for the balance due under the land contract or to enforce the provision breached.);
- Forfeiture of the land contract; or
- Foreclosure on and sale of the land contract property.
Generally, a seller must use the court system in order to regain possession of the property and evict a land contract buyer who has failed to meet the requirements of the land contract.
What is Land Contract Forfeiture?
According to Legal Services of Northern Michigan, A Seller may regain possession of land contact property by forfeiture if:
- The land contract expressly provides for forfeiture and termination of the contract; and
- The buyer has failed to make payment of any moneys required to be paid under the land contract, or has materially breached the land contract (Example: a failure to pay real estate taxes or to keep the property insured).
- Provide the buyer with a written notice of forfeiture describing the default; and
- Provide the buyer with a minimum of fifteen days (or more if the land contract provides for a longer period) to correct the default.
Before a seller may begin the procedure to regain possession of the land contract property the seller must:
It is important that a buyer respond in writing to a notice of forfeiture even if it may have been sent by mistake. If the buyer fails to respond to the notice of forfeiture or otherwise fails to come to an agreement with the seller within the time stated in the notice, the seller may take legal action. To do this the seller must file a summons and complaint, together with a copy of the land contract, the notice of forfeiture and proof of service with the appropriate court. The court will deliver or mail to the buyer (defendant) the summons and complaint. The summons states the date and time on which the court will hold a hearing (usually called a summary proceeding). The seller and buyer should appear at the court on the date and time state in the summons and should be prepared to state their positions to the court.
At the court hearing, if the seller is successful the buyer will have a certain amount of time (90 or 180 days depending upon the amount the buyer has paid on the contract) in which to pay the missed payments and court costs and/or to correct any other material breach of the land contract. A buyer who fails to pay or correct the breach within the stated time period may be evicted in the same way a tenant is evicted from rental property.
Generally, when a seller has regained possession of the property after forfeiture the buyer has no further liability under the land contract.
What is Land Contract Foreclosure?
According to Legal Services of Northern Michigan, land contract foreclosure is generally a more complicated and lengthy remedy to regain possession of the property than forfeiture. A significant difference; between forfeiture and foreclosure is that in a forfeiture a buyer may prevent the loss of the property by merely paying past due installments, while in foreclose the buyer may be required to pay the entire balance due under the land contract. In addition, in foreclosure even if the property is returned to the seller the buyer may remain liable to the seller for the portion of the balance due under the land contract which was not satisfied by the sale of the property.
What is Seller Default?
According to Legal Services of Northern Michigan, generally, upon a buyer’s fulfillment of the land contract the seller should give the required deed conveying the property free of liens created by the seller. A seller who fails to provide the required deed may be in breach of the contact.
If the seller is unwilling or unable to give the required deed the buyer may have various options including legal action for:
- Specific performance of the land contract (including a court order directing the seller to give the required deed);
- Quiet title;
- Cancellation of the land contract (seeking the return of then money paid by the buyer in exchange for all of the buyer’s rights in the property);
- Money damages.
If you have any other questions, or need help with a land contract in Michigan, call our expert land contract attorneys today! 313-532-2100.
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If you need help dealing with a real estate issue involving a land contract, or need help in creating a land contract give our attorneys a call today at 313-532-2100.